Type 1 VW versus KL-ZE V6 versus EJ20T (WRX)
a comparison between my existing 1915cc Type 1 VW motor, my future 2.5L KL-ZE
V6 Mazda Motor and the other likely VW engine option which was a Subaru WRX
||KL-ZE (jap version)
||EJ20T (jap version)
||Modified Type 1 Vw motor. Flat 4 cylinder,
pushrod single cam, alloy heads and case, steel cylinders. 044 Big Valve
heads, high ratio rockers, balanced, other goodies
||Standard Mazda engine. Six cylinders, V6,
belt and gear driven DOHC per bank, all alloy, cross-flow cylinder heads
with cast-iron cylinder liners. Variable Resonance Intake System.
||Standard Subaru WRX engine, flat four boxer,
DOHC per bank, alloy head and block, turbo charged.
|Cylinders / Config
||Flat 4 Boxer
|| 60 degree V6
||Flat 4 Boxer
|Valves per cylinder
||Twin IDF Weber carbs.
|Power (see graph below)
||200HP @ 6500rpm
|Torque (see graph below)
||224Nm @ 4800-5500rpm
||269Nm @ 4000rpm
|Expected Life (between rebuilds)
||Rumoured less than
150,000kms if driven hard
|Sump to crank centerline depth
||~190 mm (200 mm type 4)
(found wide ranges so far, will try to confirm)
|98-125 kg type 1
125-140 kg type 4
* Both unconfirmed, maybe bare engines
|176kg complete motor with all accessories and exhaust
back to the cat. Confirmed with load cell.
||147 kg for EJ20T
130kg for non turbo EJ20
(6.3s tested so far)
||16.7s @ 130.7kph
||14.6s @ 153kph
(14.8s@152kph so far)
|13.7s @ 162kph
|Note - 0-100kph and 1/4 times calculated using my excel
calculator found here Excel Dyno Calc ,
with an estimated vehicle weight with driver (and stereo and raditator,
etc) of 1050kg. I will weigh it one day.
||Smallest & lightest engine. Also simple,
not much to go wrong. No conversion work needed.
||Will fill the engine bay the best. Excellent
low down torque for offroading. Sweet sound.
||Easy to mod turbo and get more power.
||Lacks power, refinement, and
||More cylinders so higher rego cost. Hard to
get much more power from unless you go turbo / supercharged. Check out 800HP
twin turbo version.
||Very low sump and turbo bad for offroading.
Conversion been done before.
|Price 2nd Hand
||$2500 (half cut)
-$150 (sold gear stick, steering wheel)
-$450 (sold gearbox)....
|Cost to install
||+$165 (fuel pump)
+ $? (adaptors)....
(will be updated thru transplant)
|| see Jan of the V6 diary
***NOTE - These charts and
estimated vehicle accelerations have been updated, as I do not believe the
original dyno chart I had for the KLZE was accurate. I think the car that was
tested must have had a few additional modifications. I also updated the
Subaru charts to show the jap spec engine, as I figure that's what most people
would actually put in anyway. The Jap EJ20T has slightly higher compression and
probably runs different boost.
The VW engine dyno chart came from Hot VW's magazine
for a 1915cc VW motor with Street Eliminator heads and 44IDF webers.
Subaru dyno chart came from here
Mazda dyno chart basically came from here (- site
removed). But that chart is for the lower compression, smaller port, smaller cam KL03/KLDE
Australian spec motor (also US spec). I then had to modify the higher end of the
power curve to get the quoted 22.8kgf.m of torque @ 4800-5500 (depends on
specific model), and 200HP @ 6500rpm for the KLZE version of the engine. So the
KLZE probably has more torque in the low end and mid range than what is shown in
the charts below, and various peoples dyno testing has shown this.
Below is a graph
I have made of the different engines HP curves. It is the best average values I
could find from many dyno charts I came across. This is also the second
revision, as the first graph I had here for the V6 seemed to have way too much
torque in the mid range. I will probably dyno mine one day. From this graph the KL-ZE and
the EJ20T look similar, with the EJ20T having a nice surge over 2,500rpm when
the turbo kicks in. The V6
stays very linear with it's power delivery, and you can feel that when you drive
Below is the torque graphs for the engines. This graph tells
a much different story. Here you can see the broad torque advantage of the Mazda
engine. Down low (like 1000-1500) where I need torque for offroading and normal
traffic driving (up to 2,500rpm), the Mazda is in a league
of it's own. I have not been able to find accurate torque data below 2,000rpm,
but the information I have suggests the V6 produces 125ft.lb of torque at
1,000rpm. That is more than the VW motor produces at peak torque!